TYPES OF BONE FRACTURES AND TREATMENTS

A fracture is a broken bone, which can range from a thin crack to a complete break. Bone can fracture lengthwise or crosswise in several places. Most of the fractures happen when a bone is impacted by a force or pressure than exceeds more than it can support.

Types of Bone Fractures

The condition of a fracture generally depends on the force due to which the injury has been caused. If the bone’s breaking point exceeded slightly, the bone may just crack a bit rather than completely break. If the force is severe, such as a road accident, the bone may shatter. Bones are rigid but they do have ability to bend a bit. Here are some of the general types of bone fractures.

1) Oblique Fracture

An oblique fracture is a crack or break in a bone with a curved or sloped pattern.

2) Transverse Fracture

In case of a transverse fracture, the crack or break is at a right angle to the axis of the respective bone.

3) Greenstick Fracture

A greenstick fracture is an incomplete break where the bone is bent. This type of injury is most commonly seen in the case of children’s.

4) Impacted Fracture

An impacted fracture is also known as a buckle fracture. An impacted fracture occurs when the broken ends of the bone are jammed together by the force of the injury. This is often seen with children’s arm fractures.

Treatment of Bone Fractures

The main purpose of fracture treatment involves to put the broken pieces back into their right position and preventing them from going out of place while healing. It’s the job of an orthopaedic specialist to realign the broken pieces. Broken bones heal from new bone being formed around the edges of the broken segments of the injured bone. Surgery is often required for the treatment of a fracture. This will depend on the severity of the injury. Some of the common types of bone fracture treatments include:

1) Cast Immobilization

In this kind of treatment, the doctor uses a plaster or fiberglass cast to immobilize the broken bone for its proper healing.

2) External Fixation

External fixation involves surgery. The orthopaedic specialist places orthopaedic screws into the broken bone pieces and connects them to a metal bar outside the skin. This is done to stabilize the bones and hold them in alignment while they heal.

3) Internal Fixation

This treatment is done to realign the bone pieces. The fragments are first re-positioned into their actual (i.e. normal) position, and then they are held together with special orthopaedic screws by attaching metal plates to the surface of the bone.

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